Archives of Basic and Clinical Research
Original Article

Effectiveness of Augmented Prophylaxis with Fosfomycin and Ciprofloxacin Combination for Transrectal Ultrasound-Guided Prostate Biopsy


Department of Urology, Balıkesir University School of Medicine, Balıkesir, Türkiye

Arch Basic Clin Res 2024; 6: 122-126
DOI: 10.5152/ABCR.2024.24250
Read: 131 Downloads: 76 Published: 27 May 2024

Objective: We aimed to determine the efficacy of fosfomycin and ciprofloxacin combination on infectious complications in trans rectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUGPB) prophylaxis.

Methods: Patients who underwent TRUGPB between January 2018 and January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed, and 1109 patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the antibiotic prophylaxis used before the procedure: group-1, oral ciprofloxacin 500 mg (2 × 1) 5 days starting 24 hours before biopsy and group-2, oral ciprofloxacin 500 mg (2 × 1) 5 days starting 24 hours before biopsy and oral fosfomycin 3 g single dose the night before biopsy.

Results: Evaluation of the antibiotic prophylaxis used by the patients before the biopsy revealed that 323 (29.1%) patients received ciprofloxacin (group 1), and 786 (70.9%) patients received fosfomycin + ciprofloxacin (group 2) prophylaxis. When infectious com plications after biopsy were analyzed, 15 patients (1.4%) developed fever, 9 patients (0.8%) developed febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), 9 patients (0.8%) developed afebrile UTI, and4 patients (0.5%) developed sepsis. When infectious complications were com pared according to the antibiotic prophylaxis, febrile UTI and sepsis were statistically significantly more common in group 1 (P = .003 and P = .027).

Conclusion: In conclusion, adding fosfomycin to ciprofloxacin in TRUGPB prophylaxis effectively prevents post-biopsy infective complications compared to ciprofloxacin prophylaxis alone.

Cite this article as: Ongün Ş, Şenel Ç, Tüzel E. Effectiveness of augmented prophylaxis with fosfomycin and ciprofloxacin combination for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. Arch Basic Clin Res. 2024;6(2):122-126.

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