Archives of Basic and Clinical Research

For comprehensive information regarding the journal's policies on submission, peer-review, publication, and ethical standards, kindly visit the Policies page. Similarly, for detailed information about the journal, please visit the About page.

It is strongly advised to review the journal's policies before submitting any manuscripts to ensure compliance with the journal's guidelines.

Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should be original and not previously presented or published in any electronic or print medium. If a manuscript was previously presented at a conference or meeting, authors should provide detailed information about the event, including the name, date, and location of the organization.

Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in May 2023). 

Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with the relevant guideline listed below:

•    Randomized research studies and clinical trials: CONSORT guidelines (for protocols, please see the SPIRIT guidance)
•    Observational original research studies: STROBE guidelines 
•    Studies on diagnostic accuracy: STARD guidelines
•    Systematic reviews and meta-analysis: PRISMA guidelines (for protocols, please see the PRISMA-P guidelines)
•    Experimental animal studies: ARRIVE guidelines and Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 8th edition
•    Nonrandomized evaluations of behavioral and public health interventions: TREND guidelines
•    Case report: the CARE case report guidelines
•    Genetic association studies: STREGA
•    Qualitative research: SRQR guidelines

To find the right guideline for your research, please complete the questionnaire by Equator Network here.

Archives of Basic and Clinical Research encourages authors to follow the ‘Sex and Gender Equity in Research – SAGER – guidelines’ when preparing their manuscripts to promote the inclusion of sex and gender considerations in research. Before submission, authors can consult EASE Guidelines for Authors and Translators to produce clear, concise and accurate manuscripts that are easy to understand and free of common errors and pitfalls.

The style of manuscripts should follow the AMA Manual of Style, 11th Edition.

Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system. Manuscripts submitted via any other medium and submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be evaluated.

In addition to the manuscript files, authors are required to submit the following during the initial submission:

· Copyright Agreement and Acknowledgement of Authorship Form, and
· ICMJE Disclosure Form (should be filled in by all contributing authors).

Preparation of the Manuscript
Title page: A separate title page should be submitted with all submissions and this page should include:

•    The full title of the manuscript as well as a short title (running head) of no more than 50 characters,
•    Name(s), affiliations, highest academic degree(s), and ORCID IDs of the author(s),
•    Grant information and detailed information on the other sources of support,
•    Name, address, telephone (including the mobile phone number), and email address of the corresponding author,
•    Acknowledgment of the individuals who contributed to the preparation of the manuscript but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria.
•    If the author(s) is a member of the journal’s Editorial Board, this should be specified in the title page.

Abstract: An abstract should be submitted with all submissions except for Letters to the Editor and Images of Interest. The abstract of Research Articles should be structured with subheadings (Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion). Please check Table 1 below for word count specifications.

Keywords: Each submission must be accompanied by a minimum of three to a maximum of six keywords for subject indexing at the end of the abstract. The keywords should be listed in full without abbreviations. The keywords should be selected from the National Library of Medicine, Medical Subject Headings database (https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html).

Main Points: All submissions except letters to the editor should be accompanied by 3 to 5 “main points.” These main points should highlight the most important results of the study and emphasize the main message of the manuscript. The main points should be structured as a list and should be written in a clear and straightforward manner. Since the main points are intended for experts and specialists in the field, they should be written in plain language that is easy to understand. By including main points with the manuscript, authors can help ensure that the most important findings and messages of their study are conveyed clearly to the reader.

Manuscript Types
Research Articles
: Research articles provide new information based on original research. The acceptance of research articles is typically based on the originality and importance of the research. The main text of a Research Article should be structured with subheadings, including Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, and Discussion. 

Limitations, drawbacks, and the shortcomings of original articles should be mentioned in the Discussion section before the conclusion paragraph.

Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Original Articles.

Clinical Trials 
Current Research in MRI adopts the ICMJE's clinical trial registration policy, which requires that clinical trials must be registered in a publicly accessible registry that is a primary register of the WHO International Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) or in ClinicalTrials.gov. By registering clinical trials in a publicly accessible registry, authors can help to promote transparency and accountability in their research.

Instructions for the clinical trials are listed below.

• Clinical trial registry is only required for the prospective research projects that study the relationship between a health-related intervention and an outcome by assigning people to different groups.
• To have their manuscript evaluated in the journal, authors should register their research to a public registry at or before the time of first patient enrollment.
• Based on most up to date ICMJE recommendations, Current Research in MRI accepts public registries that include minimum acceptable 24-item trial registration dataset.
• Authors are required to state a data sharing plan for the clinical trial registration. Please see details under the “Data Sharing” section.
• For further details, please check ICMJE Clinical Trial Policy and COPE Data and Reproducibility guidelines.

Reporting Statistical Analysis 
Statistical analysis to support conclusions is usually necessary. Statistical analyses must be conducted in accordance with international statistical reporting standards (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Information on statistical analyses should be provided with a separate subheading under the Materials and Methods section and the statistical software that was used during the process must be specified.

When reporting statistical data in a research paper, it is important to present the values in a clear and consistent manner. P values, confidence intervals (CIs), and other statistical measures should be rounded appropriately and expressed according to the guidelines provided. For example, P values should be expressed to two digits to the right of the decimal point unless the first two digits are zeros, in which case three digits should be provided (eg, instead of P < .01, report as P = .002). However, values close to .05 may be reported to three decimal places because .05 is an arbitrary cut-off point for statistical significance (eg,  P = .053). P values less than .001 should be designated as P < .001 rather than providing the exact value (eg, P = .000006). 

Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).

Review Articles
Review articles that are written by authors with extensive knowledge and expertise in a particular field and a strong track record of publication are welcomed. These authors may even be invited to contribute a review article to the journal. Review articles should provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge on a topic in clinical practice, and should include discussions and evaluations of relevant research. The subheadings of the review articles can be planned by the authors. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Review Articles.

Case Reports
The journal has limited space for case reports, and prioritizes publishing reports on rare cases or challenging conditions that provide new insights into diagnosis and treatment, offer novel therapies, or reveal knowledge not yet included in the literature. Interesting and educational case reports are also welcomed for publication. The text of a case report should include Introduction, Case Presentation, and Discussion sections. An unstructured abstract should also be included. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Case Reports.

Letters to the Editor
A "Letter to the Editor" is a type of manuscript that discusses important or overlooked aspects of a previously published article. This type of manuscript may also present articles on subjects within the scope of the journal that are of interest to readers, particularly educational cases. Readers can also use the "Letter to the Editor" format to share their comments on published manuscripts. The text of a "Letter to the Editor" should be unstructured and should not include an abstract, keywords, tables, figures, images, or other media. The manuscript that is being commented on must be properly cited within the "Letter to the Editor."

Image of Interest
This type of submissions should present a striking image that may challenge and inform readers and contribute to their education. Submissions can include high quality clinical images, radiology results or surgical images. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Images of Interest.

Editorial Comments
Invited brief editorial comments on selected articles are published in the Archives of Basic and Clinical Research. Editorials should not be longer than 1000 words excluding references. Editorial comments aim to provide a brief critical commentary by reviewers with expertise or with high reputation in the topic of the research article published in the journal. Authors are selected and invited by the journal to provide such comments. Abstract, Keywords, and Tables, Figures, Images, and other media are not included.

Table 1. Limitations for each manuscript type

Type of manuscript Word limit Abstract word limit Reference limit Table limit Figure limit
Research Article 40000 250 (Structured) 35 6 5 or total of 10 images
Review Article 5000 250 50 6 10 or total of 15 images
Case Report 1000 200 15 No tables 4 or total of 8 images
Letter to the Editor 500 No abstract 5 No tables No media
Image of Interest 500 No abstract 5 No tables 2 or total of 4 images
Editorial Comments 1000 No abstract 10 No tables No media

*Word limit should not include the abstract, references, tables, and figure legends.

Tables
Tables should be included in the main document, after the reference list, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the text. Each table should have a descriptive title placed above it, and any abbreviations used in the table should be defined below the table by footnotes (even if they are defined in the main text). Tables should be created using the "insert table" command of the Word processing software, and they should be arranged clearly to make the data easy to read and understand. The data presented in the tables should not be a repetition of the data presented in the main text, but should support and enhance the main text.

Figures and Figure Legends
Figures should be submitted as separate files in TIFF or JPEG format, and they should not be embedded in the Word document or the main manuscript file. If a figure has subunits, each subunit should be submitted as a separate file, and the subunits should not be merged into a single image. The figures should not be labeled (a, b, c, etc.) to indicate subunits. Instead, the figure legend should be used to describe the different parts of the figure. Thick and thin arrows, arrowheads, stars, asterisks, and similar marks can be used on the images to support figure legends.Images should be anonymized to remove any information that may identify individuals or institutions. The minimum resolution of each figure should be 300 DPI, and the figures should be clear and easy to read. Figure legends should be listed at the end of the main document. Figures should be referred to within the main text, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are mentioned. 

DIGITAL IMAGE GUIDE
Arch Basic Clin Res requires that all digital files must prepared according to the criteria below.

A. Image Preparation Checklist. To verify that you have fulfilled the requirements for electronic image preparation, please use the following checklist. Each category is elaborated throughout the guide.

•    Black-and-white images are saved in grayscale mode (not black and white).
•    Photographic images are saved in RGB color mode (not CMYK or indexed color).
•    Files are submitted in native TIFF or EPS and are not embedded in another program such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, or Excel.
•    Charts or illustrations created in Microsoft Office (Word, Power- Point, Excel) are submitted in native format and do not include embedded images.
•    Charts created in SPSS, SigmaPlot or ChemDraw are submitted as EPS images.
•    All graphics are sized to 100% of their print dimensions so that no scaling is necessary (3.2” wide for 1-column figures and 6.4” wide for 2-column figures).
•    Images have been scanned according to our scanning guidelines.
•    Files are named using our recommended naming conventions.

B. Color. When preparing digital images for publication, it is important to scan and save the electronic files in the correct color space.
1. Photographic images. Images such as photographs, angiograms, echocardiograms, etc., should be scanned and saved in RGB color mode, even if the images will be printed in grayscale. (The journal compositors will convert these images to their final grayscale or CMYK color modes.) Note: Printing in color is expensive and is not always necessary. Please inform the Journal editors if an image re- quires color for clarity.
2. Line art. Black-and-white images, including line drawings, charts, graphs, and ECG and EEG tracings, should be scanned and saved in gray- scale mode (not black-and white or color). (For charts created in SPSS, refer to Section C.2 on creating EPS file formats. For charts and graphs created in Microsoft Office, refer to Section C.3.).
3. Avoid ICC Profiles. Images should not contain any ICC profiles.

C. File Format. Submit only TIFF or EPS for electronic images. See in- structions for submitting    artwork that was created in Microsoft Office programs (Word, PowerPoint, Excel).
1. TIFF (Tagged Image File Format). TIFF is recommended for photo- graphic images. When preparing TIFF images, be sure to refer to our scanning guidelines for the proper resolution. Note: The Journal accepts TIFF images that are saved with LZW compression; choosing this option will result in smaller files. In most software programs, a TIFF is made by choosing File/Save as... or Export/TIFF or TIF. For more information, consult the Help menu of your software.
2. EPS (Encapsulated Postscript). EPS is recommended for line art, charts, and illustrations that are created using professional drawing pro- grams such as Adobe Illustrator, SPSS, ChemDraw, CorelDraw, Sigma- Plot, etc. When submitting EPS files for publication, be sure to use the following guidelines:

Convert text to outlines or include/embed fonts. Use only Journal-approved fonts.
Flatten any layers.
Use line weights greater than 0.5 points.
Include an 8-bit preview/header at a resolution of 72 dpi.
Save color images in RGB color mode.

In most drawing programs, an EPS file is made by choosing File/Save as ... or Export/EPS. For more information, consult the Help menu of your software.

3. Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint). Charts and illustrations created in any Microsoft Office programs are accepted. Do not submit Microsoft Office files that contain embedded images. When creating charts and illustrations, use the following guidelines:

Work in black and white, not color.
Do not use patterns for fill color; use black, white, and shades of gray.
Avoid 3-dimensional charts.
Use only Journal-approved fonts.
Use line weights greater than 0.5 points.
Submit the grouped image so that the Journal compositors can access the datasheet.

4. AVOID THE FOLLOWING:
Submitting graphics that are downloaded or saved from Web pages.
Low resolution images, regardless of how the image looks on screen.
Submitting GIF files. GIF files are never appropriate for publication.
Scanning preprinted photographs (already published halftones). The printing process introduces distortion into the photograph that will transfer to the scan.
Generating TIFFs within the Microsoft Office Document.
Scanning Program. This proprietary program changes the image formatting in such a way that the image cannot be opened in our image evaluation program.

D. Resolution and Scanning
1. Images must be scanned at the proper resolution to ensure print quality. Use the following guidelines to select the correct scanning resolution. Images that are scanned at lower resolutions will be rejected.

Photographic images without text or arrows: 300 dpi/ppi
Photographic images with text or arrows: 600 dpi/ppi
Black-and-white line art: 1200 dpi/ppi

a. Scanning photographic images without text or arrows
Scan in RGB mode.
Scan at 300 dpi/ppi.
Select a target width of 7.5 cm for 1-column figures and 15.5 cm for 2 Column figures.
Crop images tightly; do not scan the margins.
Use the Arch Basic Clin Res naming convention; save as a TIFF and apply LZW compression.

b. Scanning photographic images with text or arrows
Scan in RGB mode.
Scan at 600 dpi/ppi (even if text or labels will be added after the image is scanned).
Select a target width of 7.5 cm for 1-column figures or 15.5 cm for 2-column figures.
Crop images tightly; do not scan the margins.
If you need to ass labels, use an approved font. If the labels are pixilated, you may be asked for an unlabeled version.
Use the Arch Basic Clin Res naming convention; save as a TIFF and apply LZW compression.

c. Scanning black-and-white line art
Scan in grayscale mode.
Scan at 1200 dpi/ppi.
Select a target width of 7.5 cm” for 1-column figures and 15.5 cm” for 2-column figures. Images should be tightly cropped; do not scan the margins.
If you need to add labels, use an approved font. If the labels are pixilated, you may be asked for an unlabeled version.
Use the Arch Basic Clin Res naming convention; save as a TIFF and apply LZW compression.

2. Scanning originals that are smaller than the target width.

Choose the correct color space for the photographic image or line art.
Determine the correct resolution. If an image has a width smaller than the target width, it is necessary to compensate by increasing the scanning resolution. To increase the resolution, divide the actual width by the target width (either 7.5 cm or 15.5 cm). Multiply the answer by the target dpi and round up to the nearest hundred. The result will determine the scanning dpi. Use the following example: If an image is 2.4” wide and needs to be 300 dpi/ppi at 3” wide, then 3 divided by 2.4 = 1.251.25, 1.25 times 300 = 375, and round up to 400. Thus, if the 2.4” image is scanned at 400 dpi/ppi, the Journal can properly convert the image to be 3” wide at 300 dpi.
Use the Arch Basic Clin Res naming convention and save.

E. Naming Files
1. Naming convention. Please use the following naming convention for electronic images:
Author last name + figure number.file format
For example: Okur1.eps or Okur1A.tif

2. Revising images. Any time that you revise an image and resubmit it to the Journal, you need to add a version number to ensure that the image will be re-evaluated.
For example: Smith1.eps would be saved the next time as Smith1_ v2.eps

Note: Always allow the software program to add the file format exten- sion. Files that do not contain an extension will be rejected. To change a file format extension, you must use a software program; renaming a file extension does not properly convert a file. For example, simply renam- ing the JPG extension as TIFF does not convert the file to a TIFF image. Opening a JPG file in Photoshop (or in a comparable software program) and saving as a TIFF does properly convert the file.

Note: You can safely change the author last name + figure number (i.e., an- ything before the “dot-file format” portion) by using the Rename command.

F. Approved Fonts. Please use one of the following fonts for text in la- bels, graphs, and charts:
Adobe Garamond
Arial
Helvetica
Symbol
Times New Roman
Univers LT

G. Labels
1. Do not place figure labels (A, B, C, etc.) on the digital images; include the letter in the figure file name (for example, Smith2B.tif ).
2. If images are part of an A, B, C series, scan and submit each image separately.
H. How to Submit Images. Please submit your digital files via online manuscript system of the journal during the initial submission.

Abbreviations
All acronyms and abbreviations used in the manuscript should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text. The abbreviation should be provided in parentheses following the definition, and it should be used consistently throughout the paper.

Identifying products
When mentioning a drug, product, hardware, or software program in a manuscript, it is important to provide detailed information about the product in parentheses. This should include the name of the product, the producer of the product, and the city and country of the company. For example, if mentioning a Discovery St PET/CT scanner produced by General Electric in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, the information should be presented in the following format: "Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)." Providing this information helps to ensure that the product is properly identified and credited.

Supplementary Materials
Supplementary materials, including audio files, videos, datasets, and additional documents (e.g., appendices, additional figures, tables), are intended to complement the main text of the manuscript. These supplementary materials should be submitted as a separate section after the references list. Concise descriptions of each supplementary material should be included to explain their relevance to the manuscript. Page numbers are not required for supplementary materials.
 
References
Both in-text citations and the references must be prepared according to the AMA Manual of Style 11th Edition.

When citing publications, preference should be given to the latest, most up-to-date sources. Citing the latest sources can help to ensure that the paper is relevant and timely, and that it reflects the latest developments in the field.

It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the accuracy of the references in their article. All sources must be properly cited, and the citations must be formatted correctly.

In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited in superscript after punctuation. 

If an ahead-of-print publication is cited, the DOI number should be provided in the reference list.

Journal titles should be abbreviated in the reference list in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus/MEDLINE/PubMed. 

When there are six or fewer authors, all authors should be listed. If there are seven or more authors, the first three authors should be listed followed by “et al.” in the reference list. 

The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples.

Journal Article: Ammitzboll C, Andersen JB, Vils SR, et al. Isolation, behavioral changes, and low seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res. 2022;74(11):1780-1785.

Book Section: Cohen EL. The multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary nature of health communication scholarship. In: Thompson TL, Harrington NG, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication. London: Routledge;2022:3-16.

Books with a Single Author: Haslwanter T. An Introduction to Statistics with Python. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer International Publishing; 2022.

Editor(s) as Author: Thompson TL, Harrington NG, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication. London: Routledge;2022.

Thesis: Chunga A. The Role of the Gastrointestinal Tract Microbiota in Colonisation Resistance Against Common Enteric Pathogens in Malawian Children. Dissertation. University of Liverpool; 2022.

Websites:  International Society for Infectious Diseases. ProMed-mail. Accessed December 13, 2022. http://www.promedmail.org 

Epub Ahead of Print Articles: Torres X, Bennasar M, Bautista-Rodríguez C, et al. The heart after surviving twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Mar 26. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2022.03.049. [Epub ahead of print].

Production Processes

Language Editing
Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the language editing service of Archives of Basic and Clinical Research is provided by AVES to ensure that it is clear and well-written. This process may involve correcting grammar, punctuation, and formatting errors, as well as making changes to improve the overall clarity and readability of the manuscript.

Proof Production
After the copy-editing process is complete, the manuscript is published online as an "ahead-of-print" publication, which means that it is available to readers before it is included in a scheduled issue of the journal. This allows readers to access the latest research as soon as it becomes available.

When the PDF of the article is generated, the corresponding author will receive an email with a link to our online proofing system. With that email, the author can make corrections to the article.

The corresponding author is asked to review the proof and approve it for publication within a specified time period, typically two days. 

Web-based proofing provides a faster and more accurate process by allowing you to type your corrections directly, eliminating the potential introduction of errors. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness, and correctness of the text, tables, and figures. Since the article is in the pre-publication process, significant changes will only be implemented with the editorial decision.

 

EISSN 2687-4482