Archives of Basic and Clinical Research
Original Article

Investigation of the Effectiveness of Titanium Dioxide Nanotube Coating on Titanium–Resin Cement Bond Strength


Department of Prosthodontics, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Faculty of Dentistry, Erzincan, Türkiye


Department of Prosthodontics, İstanbul Aydın University, Faculty of Dentistry, İstanbul, Türkiye

Arch Basic Clin Res 2023; 5: 397-403
DOI: 10.5152/ABCR.2023.23177
Read: 207 Downloads: 133 Published: 18 September 2023

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of the titanium dioxide formed by anodization process on the titanium–resin cement microshear bond strength.

Methods: Forty titanium cylinders (9 × 11 mm) were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the surface treatment methods: Control group, no treatment; airborne-particle abrasion group, 120 µm Al2O3; primer group, 120 µm Al2O3 +metal primer; and titanium dioxide group, titanium dioxide nanotube (n-TiO2) formed by anodization process. Scanning electron microscope analysis was performed to determine the surface alterations of the specimens. Then, dual-polymerizing resin cement was applied on the specimens by using Tygon tubes, and microshear bond strength tests were performed by using a universal testing machine. The obtained data were analyzed by using 1-way analysis of variance and the Tukey post hoc test (α=0.05).

Results: Each surface treatment application increased the titanium–resin cement bond strength (P < .05). The highest bond strength value was obtained by titanium dioxide nanotube application, and the difference between groups was statistically significant (control group: 4.91 ± 1.10; airborne-particle abrasion group: 5.66 ± 1.90; primer group: 6.700 ± 2.05; and titanium dioxide group: 9.44 ± 1.20) (P < .05). All groups showed an adhesive failure mode.

Conclusion: The formation of titanium dioxide nanotube on titanium by anodization process increased the microshear bond strength significantly higher than that of the airborne-particle abrasion group or the metal primer group.

Cite this article as: Akar T, Coşkun M.E. Investigation of the effectiveness of TiO2 nanotube coating on titanium–resin cement bond strength. Arch Basic Clin Res.,  2023;5(3):397-403.

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