Archives of Basic and Clinical Research
Original Article

Sinus Maxillaris Morphometric Measurements and Comparative Anatomy Between Genders


Oral and Dental Health Training and Research Hospital, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Erzincan, Türkiye


Department of Anatomy, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University Faculty of Medicine, Erzincan, Türkiye


Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University Faculty of Dentistry, Erzincan, Türkiye

Arch Basic Clin Res 2024; 6: 140-145
DOI: 10.5152/ABCR.2024.23235
Read: 126 Downloads: 73 Published: 27 May 2024

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the usability of the maxillary sinus as a criterion in gender determination by comparing the dimensions of the maxillary sinuses in adult males and females using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Methods: Our study was designed to measure individuals’ bilateral maxillary sinus height, width, and depth with CBCT. A total of 100 patients, 50 women and 50 men between the ages of 18 and 70, were included in the study. The height (H), width (W), and depth (D) of the sinus were measured in the coronal and axial planes, and their statistical significance was evaluated.

Results: In our results, the confidence interval was determined as 95% and P < .05, was considered significant. Right height (P < .001), right width (P = .045), and left height (P = .015) parameters were statistically higher in males than in females. In the discriminant analysis, the parameter that gave the best discrimination was the right height with 63%.

Conclusion: In our study, it was observed that the sinus maxillaris dimensions were larger in male individuals than in female individu als, but it was concluded that it is not a definitive criterion on its own and can be used as a supporting one.

Cite this article as: Kolak M, Sunar M, Ocak A. Sinus maxillaris morphometric measurements and comparative anatomy between genders. Arch Basic Clin Res., 2024;6(2):140-145.

EISSN 2687-4482